Pro-Palestinian tilt portends sea change in D.C.

washington | It used to be that a bipartisan barrage of Beltway backing for “democracy in the Middle East” meant something comforting for Israel: another show of solid U.S. support.

Now it could mean profound change.

Two pending congressional resolutions praising the Palestinians for their presidential elections last month, coupled with administration suggestions that substantial material support is on its way, hint at a subtle but far-reaching change in how the United States treats the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

The shift is in the expectations: After four years of rhetorical “What nexts?” that primarily addressed the Palestinians, the United States has put the ball in Israel’s court.

In her first chat with her staff as secretary of state, Condoleezza Rice made clear that Israel must understand that the administration believes a full-fledged peace with the Palestinians is at stake.

“Don’t think any of us doubt that without a Palestinian state that is viable, that can represent the aspirations of the Palestinian people, that there really isn’t going to be a peace for either the Palestinian people or for the Israelis,” Rice said this week.

Significantly, Rice’s inaugural tour as secretary of state will include stops next week in Israel and the Palestinian areas.

“I’m going to Israel and to the West Bank on this trip,” she said. “We’re going to be working with the parties, now that they’ve begun to make those fundamental choices, to push forward toward the date when we have a two-state solution. And I think it’s in our grasp, although it’s still something that has to be worked toward vigilantly.”

Israeli officials already are making some changes, discussing a second phase of withdrawals and dropping a demand dating back to Labor governments that Israel keep the strategic Jordan Valley — a sign that Sharon is ready to live with a Palestinian state that is contiguous and borders Jordan.

On the ground, Israel reopened the crossing between the Gaza Strip and Egypt, and pledged to proceed with a scaling down of forces near West Bank towns — albeit at a slower pace since Palestinians are continuing to fire rockets into Jewish settlements in the Gaza Strip.

Israeli Foreign Minister Silvan Shalom, who was in Washington last week to meet with Rice, announced the reactivation of a coordination mechanism among Israel, the Palestinians and the United States to smooth over differences and work through crises, such as the rocket attacks.

Additionally, Israel’s attorney general formally quashed government plans to appropriate acres of land in eastern Jerusalem, something that angered Palestinians.

The way forward is clear: Bush, getting ready for a tour of European capitals in which he hopes to repair strained relationships in order to solicit greater cooperation in Iraq, wants to show that he is capable of meeting some European policy demands.

The administration wants nothing to get in the way. The State Department, which usually avoids comment on casualties until the circumstances are clear, rushed out a statement on the death of a 10-year-old girl in Gaza, allegedly from Israeli gunfire.

“The death of any innocent individual, especially children, is a tragedy,” a statement said. “We urge all parties, especially at this most promising moment for progress between Palestinians and Israelis that we have seen in recent years, to remain focused on measures to bring an end to violence and terror, and to avoid actions that escalate tension and create obstacles to implementing the ‘road map’ and realizing the president’s two-state vision.”

The shift in tone is not limited to the administration: The leadership of both parties has signed on to resolutions circulating in the House of Representatives and the Senate praising the Palestinian elections.

The draft Senate resolution, to be sponsored by majority leader Sen. Bill Frist (R-Tenn.) and minority leader Sen. Harry Reid (D-Nev.), goes furthest, saying the election “establishes a credible leader in President Abbas” — a sharp departure from Israel’s “wait-and-see” rhetoric about Mahmoud Abbas pending moves against terrorism.

The draft House resolution, to be sponsored by each party’s whips, stops short of that endorsement, congratulating Abbas but not “establishing” his leadership. However, it suggests that the House will not be as ready as it has been in recent years to admonish the White House when differences with Israel arise.

Ron Kampeas

JTA D.C. bureau chief