The loquacious Joe Biden, a senator since 1973 and Barack Obama’s running mate since Aug. 23, has sparred frequently with the pro-Israel community and with Israelis, particularly on the issue of settlements.
But he has a sterling voting record on pro-Israel issues, and as chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee has helped shepherd through key pro-Israel legislation.
His straightforwardness is considered an asset, even among those supporters who have disagreed with him.
“He’s open-minded, he votes his own conscience,” said Gary Erlbaum, a Philadelphia- based real estate developer who is backing Republican presidential candidate John McCain but has supported Biden’s Senate campaigns.
“I don’t always agree with him” — Biden is a staunch critic of the Bush administration’s Iraq policy, while Erlbaum helped found the pro-Iraq War group Freedom’s Watch — but “he does not try to sugarcoat.”
Biden was especially sharp in criticizing the United States and Israel in their failure to support Mahmoud Abbas in 2003, when he was the Palestinian Authority prime minister attempting to establish a power base to challenge then-President Yasser Arafat.
Abbas eventually was sidelined by Arafat, allowing the Palestinian leader to continue his policies of corruption and stasis until his death — and creating a vacuum ultimately filled in large part by Hamas.
“I’ve had my shouting matches over 25 years, privately, in my office and in the offices of prime ministers,” Biden said in a March 2007 interview with the Forward. “I’ve had disagreements. Israel’s a democracy and they make mistakes. But the notion that somehow if Israel just did the right thing, [the peace process] would work … give me a break.”
In that same interview, Biden firmly rejected calls for the United States to distance itself from Israel and assume a more neutral role in brokering Middle East peace talks.
“The suffering is real on both sides, but there is a side that can impact on ending it,” he said. “The responsibility rests on those who will not acknowledge the right of Israel to exist, will not play fair, will not deal, will not renounce terror.”
Just two months earlier, Biden took the lead in the Senate in rejecting the Iraq Study Group’s assertion that the United States would not be able to achieve its goals in Iraq unless it “deals directly with the Arab-Israeli conflict.”
“I do not accept the notion of linkage between Iraq and the Arab-Israeli conflict,” Biden said during his opening remarks at a Jan. 17, 2007 Senate hearing. “Arab-Israeli peace is worth pursuing vigorously on its own merits, but even if a peace treaty were signed tomorrow, it would not end the civil war in Iraq.”
Biden’s longstanding relationship with the Jewish community should reassure Jews who still feel anxious about Obama, the Illinois senator who has deep ties to the Chicago Jewish community but has been on the national stage barely four years, said Cameron Kerry, a convert to Judaism and a senior adviser to the 2004 presidential campaign of his brother, Sen. John Kerry (D-Mass.).
“I’ve seen the enormous respect [Biden] commands in the pro-Israel community,” Cameron Kerry said. “He has a well-established record, he knows the issues, and he can talk the talk. He may be the best goyishe surrogate I’ve seen in the Jewish community.”
Biden’s son married into a Jewish family, but the Delaware senator’s keen interest in the region dates back to his first visit, not long before the 1973 Yom Kippur War. He met Golda Meir, Israel’s prime minister at the time.
In an interview with Shalom TV last year, when he launched his own presidential bid, Biden said he came away from that meeting with Meir understanding that
“there is this inextricable tie between culture, religion, ethnicity that most people don’t fully understand — that is unique and so strong with Jews worldwide.”
“When I was a young senator, I used to say, ‘If I were a Jew I’d be a Zionist.’ I am a Zionist,” he said. “You don’t have to be a Jew to be a Zionist.”
Mark Gittenstein, who worked for Biden from 1976 to 1989, said no one matched his breadth of knowledge on Israel — not even his Jewish staffers.
“He was much more knowledgeable about Israel and its problems than I was,” Gittenstein said.
Biden has a keen understanding of the Holocaust, partly because of his relationship with Tom Lantos, the late Bay Area Democratic congressman who was the only Holocaust survivor elected to the House of Representatives.
Biden hired Lantos as an adviser in the late 1970s, a leap into politics that led the Hungarian-born economist to consider a political career.
Lantos’ tutoring led Biden to take the lead on genocide issues. Biden now champions efforts to isolate Sudan over the massacre of hundreds of thousands of civilians in its restive Darfur province.
“Any country that engages in genocide forfeits their sovereignty,” he said to applause at a National Jewish Democratic Council presidential candidate forum last year.
Obama, who has been outspoken in opposing the Iraq War, had considered a number of centrist and conservative Democrats as running mates to balance his dovishness. Picking Biden, also a war critic, allows Republicans to describe the Democratic ticket as leaning to the left on Middle Eastern issues.
Among Republican Jews, that means scoring both men for opposing some of the tougher anti-Iran measures embraced by McCain, an Arizona senator, and some Democrats, including Obama’s chief rival in the primaries, New York Sen. Hillary Clinton.
“With the selection of Senator Joe Biden as Senator Obama’s vice president, the Democrats’ ticket has now become an even greater gamble for the Jewish community,” the Republican Jewish Coalition said in a statement hours after Obama announced his ticket. “Biden has failed to recognize the serious threat that Iran poses to Israel and the U.S. and its allies in the Middle East.”
Ira Forman, the director of the National Jewish Democratic Council, responded that focusing on recent differences over nuances regarding Iran policy missed the larger point of Biden’s long years of commitment to Israel.
“The RJC would criticize the Democratic pick for vice president if it was [David] Ben-Gurion,” Forman said. “There is no one you could possibly pick who knows the issues, who is committed to Israel’s security and knows Israeli leaders, as much as Joe Biden.”