Israeli police officers outside the Bedouin village of Mulada, in the Negev desert, southern Israel, Jan. 12, 2022. (Photo/JTA-Flash90)
Israeli police officers outside the Bedouin village of Mulada, in the Negev desert, southern Israel, Jan. 12, 2022. (Photo/JTA-Flash90)

Israeli government coalition teeters amid conflict over JNF tree-planting in Bedouin villages

Members of one of Israel’s Arab political parties are vowing to boycott Knesset proceedings, and thus threatening the coalition that governs by a slim majority, over what they see as an attack on their constituents among the Bedouin Arabs of Israel’s Negev region.

That offensive has come in the form of forestation efforts by the Jewish National Fund, a quasi-governmental organization that develop Israel’s land and nature and which is famous for planting trees across the country.

The organization has been planting trees in the southern part of the country, which is mostly desert, on land that the Bedouins claim as theirs. Because the lifestyle of the Bedouin tribes centers around farming and grazing livestock on open land, the forestation attempts threaten to limit the land available to their herds and farming, and thus their livelihood. The forestation initiative has led to protests as well as violent confrontations between protesters and police in recent weeks.

According to the Times of Israel, Israeli Welfare Minister Meir Cohen temporarily shut down the forestation machinery on Wednesday and reportedly set up emergency negotiation talks with the leadership of Ra’am — or the United Arab List, one of the Arab parties that make up some of the 61 votes needed for the governing coalition.

According to Haaretz, more than a dozen people were arrested Tuesday amid clashes with police and another 10 people were arrested Wednesday. A Haaretz reporter was attacked by protesters Tuesday, and his car stolen and set on fire. Eleven more were arrested on Wednesday.

On Wednesday, a temporary agreement was reached amid the spiraling crisis, and the planting was to be halted while all involved would enter negotiations.

Relations between Israel’s government and the Bedouin communities in the south have long been tense as Israel has tried to encourage the communities to move into permanent housing in cities. To leaders of the Bedouin communities, those attempts, as well as the forestation efforts by the JNF, have come across as land grabs.

“As part of this work, they have destroyed tin homes of those living in the area and planted the land with trees — all so as to take over the land,” Yaqoub Dreijat, a local leader, told The Times of Israel.

The voting constituency of Ra’am is heavily concentrated among Bedouins in the south.

“We will not vote with the coalition until the plantings in the south are stopped,” Ra’am leader Mansour Abbas told Israel’s Channel 12 news, according to The Times of Israel.

Shira Hanau
Shira Hanau

Shira Hanau is a reporter at JTA. She was previously a staff writer at the New York Jewish Week and has written for the Forward, Columbia Journalism Review and the Harvard Divinity Bulletin.

JTA

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